The guitarist Dick Dale, the pioneer of surf rock known for his hit Misirlou, has died age At the turn of the 60s, Dale was pivotal in the development of the Fender Stratocaster guitar. On the track Misirlou, Dale transformed the traditional Greek folk song into a sped-up, one-string performance, which became a national sensation after Dale performed it on the Ed Sullivan Show in In , Quentin Tarantino used it as the opening music for Pulp Fiction. It just throws down a gauntlet that the movie now has to live up to. After retiring from music in the s, Dale returned to playing in the 80s. In , he found a new patron in John Peel, who discovered the guitarist playing at the Garage in London.
Dick Dale invented surf music in the 's not the '60's as is commonly believed. He was given the title "King of the Surf Guitar" by his fellow surfers whom he surfed with from sun-up to sun-down. The minute Dale picked up the guitar, Leo Fender broke into uncontrolled laughter and disbelief, as he watched Dale play a right handed guitar upside down and backwards. Dale was playing a right handed guitar left handed and changing the chords in his head then transposing the chords to his hands to create a sound never heard before.
He was a pioneer of surf music , drawing on Middle Eastern music scales and experimenting with reverberation. Dale was known as "The King of the Surf Guitar", which was also the title of his second studio album. Dale worked closely with the manufacturer Fender to produce custom-made amplifiers  including the first-ever watt guitar amplifier. He learned the piano when he was nine after listening to his aunt playing it.