Legalisation is the process which validates the authenticity of official documents from abroad degrees, academic certificates, etc. If you are engaged in an administrative process with the UAB and you have to submit official documents from abroad, these may have to be legalised, depending on the country that issued them as in cases A, B and C below :. A Official documents issued in countries of the European Union : there is no need for legalisation of any sort for documents issued in member states of the European Union or signatories of the Agreement on the European Economic Community. Documents issued by Switzerland are also exempt from legalisation, by bilateral agreement with the European Union. B Documents in countries that have ascribed to the Hague Convention of 5 October, the only requirement is the single legalisation or apostille issued by the competent authorities of the country.
A public document destined for use in another country should have its authenticity certified in a way that is acknowledged internationally. For this the document needs to be legalised or certified with an apostille certificate, if an international agreement does not foresee otherwise. A public document should be legalised if it is intended to be used in a country that has not acceded to the Convention abolishing the requirement of legalisation for foreign public documents and also in a country that Estonia has not concluded a legal aid agreement with. Pursuant to the legal aid agreements Estonia recognises without any additional certification a public document that has been prepared or certified in any of the above-mentioned countries. A document issued or certified in Estonia is recognised in the above-mentioned countries without additional certification, i. Since 1 January the notaries have been issuing apostilles to public documents in Estonia.
Typically, when pursuing international collections requiring legal action, the creditor will have to "legalize" certain documents before they are acceptable to the courts in the customer's country. Why is such a step necessary? The seal of a Notary Public can be verified as true and in force in the country in which it is issued. It would be nearly impossible for that French court to maintain accurate lists of qualified Notaries in the United States or worldwide. Yet, it is critical for that court to have means of verification if it is to ensure that documents presented are authentic.
In international law , legalization is the process of authenticating or certifying a legal document so a foreign country's legal system will recognize it as with full legal effect. Authentication by legalization is widely used in international commerce and civil law matters in those jurisdictions where the simpler apostille system has not been adopted e. The procedure of legalization also known as attestation or authentication, though these are essentially the same process can be simply split into 3 stages, though each stage can vary in the amount of steps required:. Broadly speaking, the aim of any international document authentication process is to solve a fundamentally practical problem: how can civil and judicial officials reliably verify the authenticity of a document that was issued abroad? Legalization attempts to solve this dilemma by creating a chain of authentications, each by a progressively higher government authority so as to ultimately narrow the point of contact between countries to a single designated official usually in the national department responsible for foreign affairs.