The rectum is the lower part of the large intestine, and it ends at the anus. Injury, inflammation, and infections that affect the anus and rectum can cause rectal pain. For instance, determining when the pain occurs — such as when sitting or during a bowel movement — and uncovering any additional symptoms can help narrow down the cause. Rectal pain has a wide variety of causes, from minor to serious. Because pain around the rectum has so many possible sources, it is important to get a proper diagnosis.
Pain in the opening to the rectum anus can be caused by diarrhea or constipation or by scratching a rectal itch. A common cause of anal pain is a tear in the lining of the lower rectum anal fissure. This type of anal pain usually goes away when the problem clears up. Injury during anal sex or from an object being placed in the rectum also can cause pain. A rare cause of anal pain is spasms of the muscles in the rectum. Some of these conditions may cause some light bleeding. Home treatment usually can relieve anal pain.
Anal pain can occur before, during, or after a bowel movement. It can range from a mild ache that can get worse over time to pain that is bad enough to restrict daily activities. Anal pain has many causes, most of which are common and treatable. However, if anal pain does not go away within 24 to 48 hours, it is important to see your physician.
Rectal pain can refer to any pain or discomfort in the anus, rectum, or lower portion of the gastrointestinal GI tract. This pain is common , and the causes are rarely serious. Oftentimes, it results from a bout of muscle spasms or constipation. Read on to learn more about what can cause these symptoms and when to see your doctor. Although minor injuries can sometimes be treated at home, other conditions may require antibiotics or other medication.